Answer Key

Answer Keys: 1000 Readers (Biography Readers)

PUBLISHED: Thursday, May 14, 2020

Free Downloadable Answer Keys!

Download your FREE answer keys to the quizzes in our 1000 Biography Readers Series. All are single page 8-1/2" by 11" B&W. You can print as many copies as you need for use in your classroom or home! Just click on a title to download. NOTE - Some titles have answer keys inside the back cover. 

Reader #0001—George Washington: George Washington is probably our most famous American. He is a real hero of American history. He was handsome and hard-working. He was smart and brave. George was from Virginia. And, oh, yes—he was the first president of the United States!

Reader #0002—Johnny Appleseed: Johnny Appleseed is one of America's favorite frontier heroes. Johnny planted apple trees in many states. The settlers liked him, the Indians respected him, and the animals never feared him. Johnny Appleseed—a true American legend!

Reader #0003—Jane Addams: Jane Addams was a woman with a vision! She stood up for the poor, the immigrants, the children, and many others. She is famous for her Chicago community center, the Hull House. She was also the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize! Is there anything this woman didn't do?!

Reader #0004—Susan B Anthony: Susan B. Anthony was a courageous and smart woman. She never backed down from doing what she believed was right. She spoke out against slavery. She campaigned for women's rights. America owes a lot to this civil rights crusader.

Reader #0005—Abraham Lincoln: Abraham Lincoln never knew he was destined for greatness. He was poor, uneducated, and awkward. No one expected that he would become the most famous of presidents next to George Washington. He did this and more—holding the nation together through the most difficult time in American history, the Civil War.

Reader #0006—Benjamin Franklin: Benjamin Franklin did much more than discover that lightning was electricity! He was a superb statesman during the early days of America, an able ambassador, a profound writer and printer, and an incredible inventor! Is there anything this man couldn't do?!

Reader #0007—Thomas Jefferson: Thomas Jefferson is one of the most beloved founding fathers of America. His creative genius led to his writing the Declaration of Independence and added to his input on the Constitution. A man of many talents, Thomas Jefferson was known as the "Man of the People."

Reader #0008—Martin Luther King, Jr: Martin Luther King, Jr. was the most influential civil rights leader of his time. A minister and pacifist, Martin encouraged peaceful demonstrations to bring about change. America was forever impacted by this wonderful and brave leader!

Reader #0009—Helen Keller: Helen Keller could not see or hear. She was very smart and brave. Helen worked hard. She overcame her disabilities and helped others who were deaf and blind.

Reader #0010—Booker T Washington: Booker T. Washington was probably the most influential black leader of his time. He was a very popular, and sometimes controversial, educator and reformer. Responsible for the success and growth of the Tuskegee Institute in Alabama, Washington was the model of black self improvement through education.

Reader #0011—Harriet Tubman: Harriet Tubman was one of the bravest Americans in history. At a young age, she knew slavery was wrong. She escaped and helped many others escape also. Her work didn't end there! She was important in the Civil War and the fight for women's rights. Harriet Tubman—an awesome American and abolitionist!

Reader #0012—Paul Revere: Paul Revere is a popular patriot in American history. Not only famous for his help with the American Revolution, he is also known for his great skill as a gold and silversmith. This "jack of all trades" is an interesting piece of American history!

Reader #0013—James Monroe: James Monroe was not a fine writer or speaker like his friends Thomas Jefferson and James Madison. Instead, he relied on his common sense, honesty, and personal charm. People enjoyed being around him because he was easy-going and genuine. James Monroe—the "Era of Good Feeling" President!

Reader #0014—Juan Ponce de Leon: Spaniard In Search Of Eternal Life Juan Ponce de Leon was a Spanish explorer who was the first to claim part of North America for Spain. He named and explored Florida and is said to have searched for a "fountain of youth."

Reader #0015—Casimir Pulaski: This is a story of a freedom fighter from Poland. He fought for freedom in Europe and then came to America to do the same. He was such a good cavalryman that General Washington appointed him general of the cavalry. Who was this great soldier? Casimir Pulaski!

Reader #0016—Laura Ingalls Wilder: Laura Ingalls was a pioneer girl who traveled in a covered wagon with her family all over the Midwest. She was playful and adventurous. She was smart and curious. When she grew older, she became a famous author. For years, children and adults alike have loved to read her stories of pioneer life.

Reader #0017—Black Hawk: Black Hawk was a brave Native American who waged war to try to prevent settlers from taking Indian lands. His story shows his great commitment and loyalty to his people.

Reader #0018—George Washington Carver: George Washington Carver is probably the most famous African American scientist. His discoveries revitalized farming in the South. He created more than 300 products that could be made from peanuts! That isn't even counting what he did with sweet potatoes and pecans! Wow! What a farming wizard!

Reader #0019—Davy Crockett: Although a real figure in history, many amazing stories have been told about Davy Crockett's life—some true and some not-so-true! From the wilds of the Tennessee woods to the ill-fated Alamo, he remains a favorite legend in American history.

Reader #0020—Ulysses S Grant: Ulysses S. Grant never wanted a military career—yet he went down in history as the most capable of Union generals during the Civil War. He never desired to be in politics—yet he became the 18th president of the United States. No one thought this average student and failed businessman would become all that he did in American history!

Reader #0021—Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson is one of the best-known generals in American history. He also is known for his peculiar habits! Proving to be a mastermind in military maneuvers, Jackson's troops were undefeated during the Civil War.

Reader #0022—Thurgood Marshall: Thurgood Marshall was one of the all-time leading civil rights lawyers. He was the first black Supreme Court Justice. He was smart and hard-working. He won many cases that improved the lives of blacks, women, and the poor. America would not enjoy the racial justice it does today without Thurgood Marshall!

Reader #0023—James Madison: James Madison was an important part of American history—not just because he was the fourth president! James Madison was a driving force in the meeting on, and writing of, the Constitution. This man, though small in size, looms large in early American history!

Reader #0024—Robert E Lee: Robert E. Lee—the pride of Virginia! His military foresight, decisiveness, and ability to inspire greatness in his troops was phenomenal. Not only was he a brilliant Confederate general, he was also a perfect gentleman and loyal Virginian.

Reader #0025—Louis Jolliet: Louis Jolliet was a man of many talents. As explorer, fur trader, and hydrographer, he discovered and charted much of the Mississippi River with Father Jacques Marquette. He was very educated Ð holding a Master of Arts in philosophy!

Reader #0026—Christopher Columbus: Christopher Columbus dreamed of being a man of the sea. He never lost sight of that dream. He did not give up, no matter what people said. He was a man with a vision. That vision led to the famous voyage to the New World.

Reader #0027—Walt Disney: Walt Disney brought smiles and giggles to many children (and adults!) with Mickey Mouse and friends. His creative genius brought animation and entertainment to a new level. Disney Ð just hearing the name makes you smile!

Reader #0028—Rosa Parks: Rosa Parks was a civil rights activist. She is best known for her bravery when she refused to give up her seat on a public bus to a white man. Little did she know what kind of massive movement that one small refusal would start!

Reader #0029—Chief Powhatan: Chief Powhatan was the powerful ruler of the Powhatan Indians of Virginia. He commanded great respect and fear from his tribe. The interactions between the Powhatans and the Jamestown colonists were both productive and destructive. One of the most famous Powhatans was Pocahontas—Chief Powhatan's daughter.

Reader #0030—The Ringling Brothers: The Ringling Brothers of Wisconsin took a childhood dream and made it into a reality. Their love of the circus, combined with hard work and honesty, grew into the "Greatest Show on Earth!"

Reader #0031—Betsy Ross: Betsy Ross is near and dear to American's hearts. She was the young and talented seamstress believed to have sewn the first American flag. What an honor! She was the woman who sewed up a new nation!

Reader #0032—Carl Sandburg: Carl Sandburg's life experiences and respect for the working people of America inspired his poetry and books. From a student, to a hobo, to a Pulitzer Prize-winning author, Carl Sandburg was proud to call Illinois home.

Reader #0033—J E B Stuart: J.E.B. Stuart was a brilliant cavalryman of the Civil War. He was known as the "joyous cavalier" to the Confederate soldiers. His bravery and genius, combined with his flair for soldier fashion, made him a legendary figure in Civil War history.

Reader #0034—Frank Lloyd Wright: Frank Lloyd Wright is considered by some to be the greatest American architect of all time. His talent and individuality is known throughout the world. Wright's passion for his buildings to blend with the nature around them made him unique in the world of architecture.

Reader #0035—Harold Washington: Harold Washington was Chicago's first African American mayor. From the South Side of Chicago, to the Army, to college and beyond, Harold gained many life experiences that would aid him while mayor.

Reader #0036—John Rolfe: John Rolfe was a famous founding father of the Virginia Colony. He grew the first profitable crop in the New World, and that crop was tobacco.

Reader #0037—Pocahontas: Pocahontas was a legendary Indian princess. She was the daughter of the powerful Chief Powhatan. She was brave as a child and young woman. Her curiosity about the English colonists led her to become an important part of their lives. She could very well be considered the first female American ambassador!

Reader #0038—Georgia O'Keeffe: Georgia O'Keeffe grew up on a farm. She was close to nature, and this is evident in her many paintings. Georgia was a trailblazer in the world of art Ð not only in her style, but because she was a woman artist.

Reader #0039—John Muir: As a boy, John Muir was enchanted by nature. As an adult, this love led to great achievements in the world of ecology. John is remembered as America's first naturalist. A knowledgeable man of nature Ð our Muir of the mountains!

Reader #0040—Richard Daley: Richard J. Daley is a Chicago legend. As mayor, he was tremendously powerful on both the local and national levels. No doubt about it Ð Chicago would not be where it is today without Richard J. Daley.

Reader #0041—Ernest Hemingway: Ernest Hemingway is one of Illinois' most famous sons. He was the most popular novelist of the 20th century. His stories were often based on his own life adventures Ð and he had plenty!

Reader #0042—Harry Houdini: Harry Houdini was an amazing entertainer. He was dedicated, persistent, and determined to be worldfamous. He practiced, practiced, and practiced until he got his magic tricks right. From a young boy to a grown man, he delighted his audiences.

Reader #0043—Dr. Mae Jemison: Dr. Mae Jemison had a dream. She also had the grit and dedication to follow it. A strong student and hard worker, she became not only a doctor, but also the first African American woman in space.

Reader #0044—Golda Meir: Golda Meir was Israel's first woman premier. Her life was tough and she learned to be tough-minded. She was Jewish and proud of her heritage, often risking her life to further Jewish causes. A woman of unspeakable strength, her influence lives on.

Reader #0045—Father Jacques Marquette: Father Jacques Marquette was a man of God and New France. He not only established a mission, he also participated in a daring expedition down the Mississippi River. His findings informed the French about the region of the Mississippi River. A jack of many trades Ð Father Jacques Marquette!

Reader #0046—John Cabot: John Cabot claimed North America for England. This ensured that the English would have a foothold in North America.

Reader #0047—Louis Armstrong: Louis Armstrong is a legend among jazz musicians. He came from nothing and rose to be one of the greatest musicians of all times. From New Orleans to Chicago to New York and beyond, Louis Armstrong helped bring jazz music to the world.

Reader #0048—John Deere: John Deere Ð the name is known all over the country. Did you know John Deere is more than just a tractor company? John Deere was a blacksmith from Vermont! His invention of the self-polishing steel plow was just the beginning of a long and successful career.

Reader #0049—"Wild Bill" Hickok: "Wild Bill" Hickok was a legendary gunfighter and marshal of the Wild West. He had a tendency to embellish his gun-fighting stories with fiction. His reputation across America gained him huge popularity.

Reader #0050—King James, I: King James was born King of Scotland. He later became King of England and founder of the first permanent colony in the New World—the colony of Jamestown, Virginia.

Reader #0051—Marquis de Lafayette: The Marquis de Lafayette was born in France. He served in the French Army. When Lafayette learned of the American Revolution, he left his home and came to help the young colonists win their freedom. He later fought for independence and reform in France, Greece, Spain, Portugal, Italy, Poland, and South America.

Reader #0052—Robert M La Follette: Robert La Follette was a major force during the Progressive Era of American history. A fiery political leader, he inspired many people and angered many people. He had strong opinions and stuck to those opinions. "Fighting Bob" will always be remembered in American politics.

Reader #0053—Robert de La Salle: Many explorers we read about were in search of great wealth and gold. Some were focused on converting the Indians to Christianity. Not Robert de La Salle. What La Salle wanted more than anything was a grand adventure. He most certainly got what he wished for!

Reader #0054—John Paul Jones: To Americans, John Paul Jones was a hero during the Revolutionary War. To the British, he was sort of a pirate! Destined for greatness on the sea since his childhood, John Paul Jones is known as the "Father of the American Navy."

Reader #0055—John Brown: John Brown was a radical abolitionist whose attempt to free the slaves cost a number of lives (including two of his own sons) and helped indirectly to start the American Civil War.

Reader #0056—Samuel de Champlain: Samuel de Champlain is often called the Father of New France. He established a trading post that eventually became the city of Québec.

Reader #0057—Louis and Cordelia Harvey: The Harveys were an interesting couple. They were both born in the East and moved to Wisconsin. They were both schoolteachers. Perhaps the most memorable thing they both did was help the soldiers during the Civil War. Louis and Cordelia Harvey Ð Wisconsin's pride and joy.

Reader #0058—Christopher Newport: Christopher Newport led an exciting and adventurous life. He was one of the first settlers in Jamestown and helped it survive. A master at sea, he commanded many voyages to and from England—and with only one arm!

Reader #0059—Nicolas Perrot: Nicholas Perrot was a fur trader, explorer and interpreter. New France depended on his talents as a negotiator and diplomat. Nicholas proved a great resource to them when dealing with the Indians of the Great Lakes region.

Reader #0060—Jackie Robinson: Jackie Robinson was the first African American player in the major leagues of baseball. His actions helped to bring about other opportunities for African Americans.

Reader #0061—Nat Turner: Nat Turner—the name evokes both fear and awe. Born and raised in slavery, Nat was part of a bloody slave uprising in Virginia. People have differing views of Nat Turner—some see him as a hero and some as a madman. Whatever the viewpoint, America has to admit that he impacted our history.

Reader #0062—Maggie Lena Walker: Maggie Lena Walker became a strong leader in the black community in Richmond, Virginia. She used her knowledge and business ability to found a bank, becoming the first woman to do such a thing! She continued to be a successful businesswoman and community leader until her death.

Reader #0063—L Douglas Wilder: L. Douglas Wilder has an impressive story. He trailblazed his way into government in Virginia, being the first African American in many positions. Virginians are proud of being the first state to elect an African American governor! They are also proud of his many accomplishments while in office. L. Douglas Wilder—Virginia's trailblazing governor!

Reader #0064—William Wrigley, Jr: William Wrigley, Jr. was an unlikely success. He was a troublemaker at school. He often ran away from home. However, he had determination. It helped him rise to be one of Chicago's leading businessmen.

Reader #0065—Woodrow Wilson: Woodrow Wilson was a United States President who remembered the horrors of war and did not want our country to have to fight! However, he led our nation and the world through World War I and on to peacetime.

Reader #0066—Father Claude Allouez: Father Claude Allouez was a Jesuit missionary to New France. He was smart and brave. He stuck with his mission even though he had few converts. His dedication was impressive.

Reader #0067—Arthur Ashe: Arthur Ashe broke many barriers and overcame many obstacles in his lifetime. He was not just a terrific African American tennis player—he was also a civil rights activist. He was called an "ambassador of what was right."

Reader #0068—Gwendolyn Brooks: Gwendolyn Brooks was a famous African American poet from Chicago. She started writing at a young age and had her first poem published by the time she was 13! Who says kids can't do big things?!

Reader #0069—Harry Flood Byrd: Harry Flood Byrd as governor was known for a "pay as you go" policy for road improvements, and he modernized Virginia's state government. Harry Flood Byrd as a Senator led a "Massive Resistance Movement" against the integration of public schools.

Reader #0070—Medard Groseilliers: Medard Groseilliers was a master fur trader. He collected a small fortune over his lifetime as a fur trader. He also explored and opened up many new lands in the Great Lakes Region, including Wisconsin.

Reader #0071—Jacques Cartier: Jacques Cartier was a French navigator who was the first European to explore the Gulf of St. Lawrence and the St. Lawrence River.

Reader #0072—Carrie Chapman Catt: Carrie Chapman Catt was a major force in the campaign for woman suffrage. Since she was a young girl, she knew she could achieve great things if she just set her mind to it. And she wouldn't take no for an answer!

Reader #0073—Ada Deer: Ada Deer is a Menominee Indian. She made her mark in history when she was appointed the first female Assistant Secretary of the Interior for Indian Affairs in 1993. Always a champion of her tribe's cause, Ada Deer has an impressive record of success.

Reader #0074—James Groppi: James Groppi grew up in the slums of Milwaukee. He knew what it was like to be poor. As a Catholic priest, he felt compelled to take up the cause of the poor and underprivileged African Americans. His impact will forever be an important part of Wisconsin history.

Reader #0075—Patrick Henry: Patrick Henry was known as the "voice of the American Revolution." He was a skilled lawyer who was able to persuade juries. This talent helped him when he gave speeches supporting the American Revolution. He inspired many patriots and citizens to demand their freedom!

Reader #0076—John Harold Johnson: John Harold Johnson was a determined man. Against many odds, he founded the successful Johnson Publishing Company in 1942. John Harold Johnson is an inspiration to anyone who has ever had a dream and the will to match it.

Reader #0077—Aldo Leopold: Aldo Leopold is thought of by many as the father of wildlife ecology. A true Wisconsin hero, he was a great scholar, teacher, writer, scientist, and philosopher. He is best known for his book A Sand County Almanac. This book helped pave the way for the conservation movement. Aldo Leopold truly opened our eyes to the natural world!

Reader #0078—George C Marshall: George Catlett Marshall was the only professional soldier to ever win the Nobel Prize for Peace. He spent most of his life serving in the United States Army. He is most remembered for his plan to help rebuild a war-torn Europe after World War II.

Reader #0079—George Mason: George Mason guided the founding fathers into the American Revolution and welcomed the country's newfound independence.

Reader #0080—Robert R McCormick: Robert Rutherford McCormick was a colorful character in Chicago's history. He was editor and publisher of one of the nation's most important newspapers, the Chicago Tribune. He used his paper to voice his often-controversial political beliefs. All in all, McCormick was a major influence in Chicago history.

Reader #0081—René Ménard: Father René Ménard was a brave man of God. He was smart and determined. Educated at many of the finest schools in France, he came to the wilds of present-day Canada as a missionary to the Indians. What an exciting—and often scary—life!

Reader #0082—Jean Nicolet: Jean Nicolet was brave and curious. He left his home country of France to come to present-day Canada and make a life. He lived among Indians. He explored new lands. He was the first to discover Lake Michigan. Jean loved his life in New France.

Reader #0083—Old Abe: Old Abe was an extraordinary eagle. He became a symbol of courage and spirit for Wisconsin's Civil War soldiers. His popularity only increased after the Civil War. Nationwide, Old Abe is remembered as one of the most famous "veterans" of the Civil War!

Reader #0084—Vel Phillips: Vel Phillips is an amazing woman. She was the first African American (and woman) in many state government positions in Wisconsin. She fought tirelessly for civil rights . . . and succeeded. A true pioneer in Wisconsin's civil rights movement Ð Vel Phillips.

Reader #0085—Lewis F Powell, Jr: Lewis Powell was a hero in many different ways. He cracked German codes during World War II, then returned home to crack the grip of school segregation. Lewis Powell felt that it was his patriotic duty to serve as a justice of the U.S. Supreme Court where he served for 15 years.

Reader #0086—Ronald Reagan: Ronald Reagan came from humble beginnings. He loved football, acting, and America. From Hollywood to Washington, D.C., Reagan was loved by millions. He is considered one of the most popular presidents of the 20th century.

Reader #0087—Jean Baptiste Pointe du Sable: Jean Baptiste Point du Sable came to America in the 1770s. He was a long way from home Ð born of a French father and black mother in Haiti. His talents and good sense helped establish the thriving settlement that became Chicago.

Reader #0088—Orson Welles: Orson Welles was many things Ð actor, radio personality, director, writer and producer. His award-winning film, Citizen Kane, was a highlight in his career. Although he never became wealthy from films, his influence on Hollywood was strong.

Reader #0089—George Wythe: George Wythe was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a well-known lawyer, and was an inspiration to his younger friend—Thomas Jefferson!

Reader #0090—Captain John Smith: John Smith has been described as proud, arrogant, decisive, brave, brilliant, and prone to making up stories. One thing is known for sure—he was very important to the survival of the Jamestown colony. He set rules, organized work, and made sure everyone pulled their own weight.

Reader #0091—Wright Brothers: Orville and Wilbur Wright changed the course of history! They built and flew the first heavier than- air manned and powered aircraft. From the time they were young boys they pursued their dream until they achieved their goal—flight!

Reader #0092—Franklin D. Roosevelt: Franklin Delano Roosevelt served four terms as a United States President, more than any other president in history! During those 16 years, he led America out of a depression, through World War II, and towards prosperity and peace.

Reader #0093—Thomas Edison: Thomas Edison was a world famous inventor who patented hundreds of inventions in America and Europe. He was also a manufacturer and businessman. A life-long hard worker, Edison serves as an inspiration for many scientists and inventors, young and old.

Reader #0094—Tecumseh: Tecumseh was one of the most admired Native American Indian chiefs in history. The courageous warrior tried to save the lands of his people for many years. He bravely led warriors into battle to avoid the expansion of English settlers.

Reader #0095—John Glenn: John Glenn was a legendary American astronaut. He was the first American to fly a spacecraft all the way around the Earth and the oldest person in space! John Glenn was a military veteran, company president, college graduate, U.S. Senator, astronaut, and an American hero.

Reader #0096—Neil Armstrong: Neil Armstrong is one of most famous astronauts in history because he was the first man to step onto the moon. Armstrong was a pilot, husband, astronaut, student, engineer, war veteran, father, professor, businessman...he was really busy!

Reader #0097—Cesar Chavez: Cesar Chavez rose from poverty to form the first labor union for migrant farm workers. Today, Americans remember Cesar as a great champion for economic freedom and human rights. His heroism spans the many cultures of America.

Reader #0098—Francisco de Coronado: Francisco Vásquez de Coronado was a famous Spanish explorer who traveled throughout the American Southwest in search of famous cities of gold. Since he never found golden riches for Spain, many only saw his failures. Today we see all the rich land and resources that Francisco discovered!

Reader #0099—Sam Houston: Sam Houston was a great American hero, who accomplished many things for his country. He befriended the Indians and fought the Mexicans for the independence of Texas. Sam Houston bravely stood up for what he believed, regardless of the cost!

Reader #0100—Dwight D. Eisenhower: Dwight D. Eisenhower was a 5-star general in World War II and the 34th U.S. President. The American people trusted his leadership through many dark years of war and fear. Eisenhower symbolized true patriotism and devotion to his country.

Reader #0101—Frederick Douglass: Born into slavery, Frederick Douglass hungered for knowledge and freedom. He escaped from slavery, eventually bought his freedom, and then traveled around the world lecturing against the system of slavery. This great orator and journalist inspired abolitionists across America in the late 19th century.

Reader #0102—Hernando de Soto: Hernando de Soto was one of the greatest Spanish explorers in history. He helped to discover much of present-day southeast America and was even the first European to see the mighty Mississippi River!

Reader #0103—Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca: Alvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca was a brave Spanish explorer who encountered many difficulties. After experiencing a dangerous sea voyage to get to the New World, he was separated from his friends, then shipwrecked, then separated again! Alvar Nuñez wandered around America for eight years before finding a way to return home to Spain!

Reader #0104—Lewis&Clark: Meriwether Lewis and William Clark symbolize the brave and adventurous spirit of America. The Corps of Discovery made the first western exploration that reached the Pacific Ocean and returned! Scientists still study their journals to learn about plants and animals they observed. The Lewis & Clark bicentennial will be celebrated from 2003 to 2006!

Reader #0105—Louisiana Purchase: In 1803 Napoleon Bonaparte gave the United States perhaps the best land deal in history. At the time, many people doubted whether the Louisiana territory would be useful in the long run. But 200 years and 15 states later, we are still celebrating the event!!

Reader #0106—Father Junipero Serra: During the early 1700s, Father Jun’pero Serra left Spain to become a Franciscan missionary in the New World. He helped settle California by building Spanish missions along the coastline. He converted many Indians to Christianity. Today, Father Jun’pero Serra is often remembered as the "Apostle of California."

Reader #0107—Jimmy Carter: Jimmy Carter rose from a peanut farm in Georgia to the White House in Washington, D.C. He served as the 39th president of the United States. In 2002, Jimmy won the Nobel Peace Prize for his humanitarian work after the presidency. Jimmy wants everyone to avoid war and try to keep the peace.

Reader #0108—Diego Rivera: Diego Rivera is one of the most famous Mexican artists in history. He experimented with many different styles of art, but he is most known for his beautiful murals. Diego Rivera traveled to many centers of artistic culture and studied with other artists to keep learning more about art. He continually tried to improve himself.

Reader #0109—Ellen Ochoa: Ellen Ochoa is an amazing Hispanic woman! She was the first Hispanic American woman to ever travel in space! Ellen worked very hard to achieve her dream, and she succeeded. Today Ellen visits schools to talk with students about the importance of education!

Reader #0110—JFK: John F. Kennedy, one of America's most beloved presidents, led our nation through some difficult days before he was killed while in office. He created the Peace Corps and narrowly avoided a missile crisis with the Soviet Union. His death and life will always be remembered by the American people.

Reader #0111—Albert Einstein: What do you call an incredibly brilliant genius? An Einstein! That name comes from a curious little boy named Albert who lived in Germany. He disliked school, long sleeves, ball games, and lots of people. Instead he loved to observe nature, play the violin, and study his compass. This little boy grew up to become one of the most famous scientists in all of history!

Reader #0112—Benjamin Banneker: Benjamin Banneker was one smart cookie! People traveled from miles around just to quiz him about mathematics, science, astronomy, you name it! Benjamin was even chosen by Thomas Jefferson to help design our country's capital city, Washington, D.C., many years ago!

Reader #0113—Antonia C. Novello: Antonia Novello overcame great adversity to succeed. She became the first female and first Hispanic U.S. Surgeon General in history! After suffering illness as a child, Antonia became a doctor to help other sick people. Antonia even helped to create health laws. Now she works to improve the health of people around the world!

Reader #0114—Charles Lindbergh: Charles Lindbergh is one of America's most famous pilots. He broke records left and right! Charles was a talented pilot, but he was also an author, inventor, and environmentalist. Keep reading to find out more about the exciting life of "Lone Eagle" Charles Lindbergh!

Reader #0115—Amelia Earhart: Amelia Earhart was the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic Ocean! Learn about the mysterious life and fascinating accomplishments of Amelia Earhart!

Reader #0116—Roberto Clemente: Roberto Clemente was more than just an amazing baseball player. His humanitarian efforts helped many people to overcome obstacles in their lives. Roberto even built a sports center in his native country of Puerto Rico for poor kids to learn to play sports! Roberto decided to use his fame and position to achieve good for others.

Reader #0117—Sacagawea: Sacagawea is one of my favorite heroines in American history. She was a Shoshone Indian guide on the Lewis & Clark expedition. Even though she suffered many difficult experiences during her life, people remember her intelligence and surviving spirit because she kept going despite all the odds.

Reader #0118—Clara Barton: Clara Barton is one of the most selfless humanitarians that America has ever known. She bravely nursed thousands of wounded soldiers, from both sides, during the Civil War. Clara even founded the American Red Cross! Read more about Clara Barton, one of my favorite heroines.

Reader #0119—Alexander Graham Bell: Most people remember Alexander Graham Bell as the man who invented the telephone. But this book will tell you the rest of the story. This great man possessed a unique passion for deaf people. He worked his entire life to help them communicate with the world! Read all about it!

Reader #0120—Sojourner Truth: Sojourner Truth was a brave woman! She boldly preached a message of equality to anyone who would listen. She thought that all people should be treated the same, whether white or black, male or female. Sojourner traveled hundreds of miles to spread her important message to others. It even reached you!

Reader #0121—Harriet Beecher Stowe: Harriet Beecher Stowe is the author of Uncle Tom's Cabin, a controversial story about slavery. She bravely wrote about real events in a fictional tale. It provided the first honest picture of slavery for many people in America. Some people, like President Abraham Lincoln, think she may have even started the Civil War!

Reader #0122—John Adams: John Adams was our nation's first vice president and the second president. He helped our nation avoid a long war with France and England and worked to keep peace in America. We remember him for his patriotic efforts to make and keep America independent!

Reader #0123—William Penn: Quaker preacher William Penn founded Pennsylvania in the 1600s. During this time, people were punished for religious beliefs that were different. William wanted Pennsylvania to be a safe haven for Quakers and anyone else who wanted to live and worship freely! This idea was called his "holy experiment!"

Reader #0124—General Colin Powell: General Colin Powell is one of the most respected men in the world! He has discipline, integrity, military skill, and wisdom. Colin is the first black U.S. Secretary of State! He helps President George W. Bush communicate with other nations and keep America safe. Colin has an awfully big job!

Reader #0125—Andrew Jackson: Andrew Jackson, a military hero, lost the presidency in 1824 to a wealthy aristocrat. But the people elected this "common man" in 1828. Andrew was the first president to veto bills he did not believe in, not just those that were unconstitutional. Andrew Jackson represented the people of America while in office.

Reader #0126—Roger Williams: Roger Williams was one of the first supporters of freedom of religion. He left England because of his religious beliefs. Then the Massachusetts Bay Colony kicked him out because of his beliefs! Finally he bought land from the Indians and founded his own colony, now the state of Rhode Island!

Reader #0127—Theodore Roosevelt: American President. Political reformer. Environmentalist. Author of 36 books. Rancher. Conservationist. Hunter. Military hero. Theodore Roosevelt was one busy guy! Not many folks have the chance or the nerve to live a life as exciting and productive as Theodore Roosevelt! Read on to find out more about the 26th President!

Reader #0128—Sequoyah: Sequoyah invented the first written Cherokee alphabet. In fact, his was the first of any written Indian languages! He overcame many obstacles, worked many years, and ignored great opposition to achieve his goal. And he did it!

The answer key for Reader #0129—King George III is on page 14 of the reader!

The answer key for Reader #0130—Henry Ford is on page 14 of the reader!

The answer key for Reader #0131—Jefferson Davis is on page 14 of the reader!

Reader #0132—Samuel Adams: Samuel Adams was a man with a goal. He wanted the American colonies to be free and independent from England, their mother country. He knew that the people had to want this independence more than anything for it to happen. Samuel worked his entire life to inspire the people toward freedom, and saw America become its own country!

The answer key for Reader #0133—Lords of Baltimore is on page 14 of the reader!

Reader #0134—Thomas Paine: Thomas Paine wrote the most widely read pamphlets of the American Revolution. His works inspired soldiers, diplomats, and even George Washington! His pamphlet, Common Sense, influenced many common people and the Continental Congress. Thomas' ideas about government also influenced Thomas Jefferson when writing the Declaration of Independence.

Reader #0135—Anne Hutchinson: Anne Marbury Hutchinson is a role model for any person who believes in the rights of the individual to freedom of thought, freedom of speech, and freedom to worship. Her faith and her bravery to stand up for what she believed in inspired many others to defend her and to follow her. Anne was also one of the first English colonists to settle in Rhode Island.

Reader #0136—Phillis Wheatley: Phillis Wheatley came to America when she was a little girl. She was small, quiet, and did not speak English. But her masters taught her many things and gradually unlocked her brilliant mind. Phillis was the first African American to publish a book, the first African American poet, and one of the first female writers of her time!

Reader #0137—Abigail Adams: Abigail Adams is known for being the wife of President John Adams and the mother of President John Quincy Adams. But she was more than just another first lady! She was an excellent writer, a smart businesswoman, and the mother of five children. Abigail is best remembered for writing many letters expressing her opinions about society at the time.

The answer key for Reader #0138—Ferdinand Magellan is on page 14 of the reader!

The answer key for Reader #0139—Marie Curie is on page 14 of the reader!

Reader #0140—Molly Pitcher: During the American Revolution, many women were called Molly Pitcher because they brought pitchers of water to soldiers in the heat of battle. Some of these women joined in the fight. However, only three women received military pensions for the Revolutionary War: Mary McCauley, Molly Corbin, and Deborah Sampson. This book is about Mary McCauley.

The answer key for Reader #0141—Marco Polo is on page 14 of the reader!

The answer key for Reader #0142—Jonas Salk is on page 14 of the reader!

Reader #0143—Sitting Bull: Sitting Bull was a brave Indian war chief. His Lakota (Sioux) tribe defeated General George Custer at the famous Battle of Little Bighorn. He fought his entire life to take care of his people and keep them free. Sitting Bull surrendered and went to live on a reservation only when he had no other choice.

The answer key for Reader #0144—Henry Hudson is on page 14 of the reader!

The answer key for Reader #0145—John C. Frémont is on page 14 of the reader!

Reader #0146—Geronimo: Geronimo was a great warrior of the Apache tribe. He fearlessly protected his people from many enemies. Geronimo was among the last Indians to surrender to the United States. He is remembered as a brave chief and strong warrior.

Reader #0147—Crazy Horse: Crazy Horse is one of the most famous chiefs of the Oglala Sioux. He spent his entire life defending his tribe and their land. Crazy Horse may be best known for his leadership and victory at the Battle of Little Bighorn. There are no known pictures of Crazy Horse. The illustration for this book is based on the Crazy Horse Memorial in Crazy Horse, South Dakota!

Reader #0148—Ben Nighthorse Campbell: Ben Nighthorse Campbell will go down in history as one of the greatest American Indian chiefs. But he's not the kind of chief you're probably thinking about! He's a jewelry designer, a black-belt judo expert (and was captain of the U.S. judo team at the 1964 Olympics), an Air Force veteran, and a senator! And, he's been inducted into the Council of 44 Chiefs, Northern Cheyenne Tribe, Lame Deer, Montana! Read all about him!

Reader #0149—Condoleezza Rice: Condoleezza Rice is one of the most famous and successful African American women in U.S. history! She has bravely accepted the challenge of working in an environment where she is different. She has excelled in all she does. Condoleezza Rice is an excellent role model to us all!

Reader #0150—Carol Moseley Braun: Carol Moseley Braun is a very well known African American woman! She was the first black woman elected to the U.S. Senate and didn't stop there. After earning a long list of awards and achievements, Carol decided to accomplish something really big! She joined the 2004 U.S. presidential race!

Reader #0151—Charles W. Dryden: From the time that Charles Dryden was a little boy, he always dreamed of flying airplanes. As a young man, he did learn to fly. Charles became a Tuskegee Airman! This brave group of African American aviators proved that they had the knowledge and the skills needed to be successful pilots.

Except for #0195, all readers numbered 152 or higher have answer keys on the inside of the back cover!

Reader #0195—John Edwards: John Edwards was born in a small town in South Carolina. He grew up as a "country boy" but went on to go to college. In 2004 he was a candidate for Vice President of the United States. You could say he's come a long way!